Independent Eval. of a Peace Building Project in Nepal (2011)
In November 2006, a Comprehensive Peace Agreement was signed in Nepal ending a ten years old violent conflict. Part of the agreements was the internment of more than 20’000 Maoist Army Combatants in 2007. The Nepalese Government approached Germany to support the provision of basic infrastructure for these cantonments and to provide vocational skills training for the ex-fighters (of which more than 25% were women). Between 2007 and 2010 GIZ has supported these cantonments and 25 surrounding villages by providing drinking water and sanitation services, health treatments and by training interned and villagers in basic skills (English, Computer) and specific vocational skills. Despite the delicate political situation and the still pending decision about the integration of the ex-fighters into the Nepalese security forces the evaluation could be successfully completed.
KEK-CDC provided the following services
• Team leader of an interdisciplinary team of a Nepalese peace building expert and a staff of the GIZ evaluation unit
• Elaboration of an Inception Report
• Elaboration of a methodology to compare results with baseline data, control groups (some cantonments were not always accessible and with not-covered villages)
• Interviews with Maoist commanders, interned ex-fighters and villagers in the surrounding villages as well as with the donor community.
• Application of a semi-quantitative analysis based on 61 focus group discussions based on a questionnaire
• Debriefing in Kathmandu and in Eschborn
The evaluation was able to provide a comprehensive picture about the achievements and issues in 17 out of the 28 cantonments. Some of the detected shortcomings (e.g. in the maintenance of infrastructure) could be immediately addressed. The findings are used to optimise the implementation in the remaining phase until 2013.